Vaccination obligations in children
11 vaccinations are mandatory in the first 18 months of children born from January 1, 2018. Vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, poliomyelitis, whooping cough, haemophilius influenzae B (bacterium causing pneumonia and meningitis in particular), hepatitis B, meningococcal C (causing meningitis), invasive pneumococcal infections (causing pneumonia and meningitis), measles, mumps and rubella. In addition, for residents of Guyana, the yellow fever vaccine must be done from one year.
Several new features should be noted in the vaccination schedule, in particular vaccination against invasive serogroup B meningococcal infections recommended for all infants from the age of 2 months, i.e. a first dose at the age of 3 months, a second at 5 months and a booster dose at 12 months. It is also recommended for family circles of people at high risk of meningococcal infections.
Vaccination against pertussis in pregnant women is recommended from the 2nd trimester of pregnancy, favoring the period between 20 and 36 weeks of amenorrhea (SA) with a tetravalent (dTcaP). Vaccination against seasonal influenza is now recommended for professionals exposed to porcine and avian viruses at work in order to avoid the transmission of human influenza viruses to animals. It is not a personal protective measure against porcine or avian zoonotic viruses.
The Influvac Tetra influenza vaccine can now be used from the age of 6 months as part of the seasonal influenza vaccination strategy, which consists of preventing severe illness and death by vaccinating special populations. Community nurses and pharmacists can vaccinate all adults, including those who are not targeted by the vaccination recommendations, since the 2021-2022 seasonal flu vaccination campaign.