First reported in Scotland at the end of March, the number of cases recorded worldwide is currently 191 (111 in the United Kingdom, 55 in 12 other European countries, 12 in the United States, 12 in Israel and 1 in Japan), according to the ECDC. “The disease is quite rare and evidence of human-to-human transmission remains unclear. Cases in the European Union are sporadic with an unclear trend.
A difficult risk to measure
The risk to children in Europe “cannot be precisely estimated”, according to the agency, which covers the 27 EU countries as well as Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. “Nevertheless, considering the reported cases of acute liver failure, with cases requiring transplantation, the potential impact for the pediatric population is considered high,” she says.