Gout is the most common type of inflammatory arthritis. It causes sudden and intense seizures as well as joint pain, often in the big toe. It can also affect the joints of other toes, the ankle or the knee. People with osteoarthritis in the fingers may experience their first gout attack in the finger joints.
Men are three times more likely than women to develop gout. It tends to affect men after 40 and women after menopause. When they lose the protective effects of estrogen. Gout symptoms can be confused with another type of arthritis called pyrophosphate calcium deposition (CPD), formerly called pseudogout.
What causes gout attack?
A gout attack is usually caused by a buildup of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid is a waste product that is produced when the body breaks down purines.
Purines are found in many foods, including meat, seafood, and alcohol. When there is too much uric acid in the blood, it can form crystals in the joints, causing inflammation and pain. The crystals can also deposit in the kidneys, where they can cause kidney stones. People who are overweight or have high blood pressure have an increased risk of gout attacks. Treatment often involves taking medication to lower blood uric acid levels and relieve pain. In some cases, surgery may be needed to remove the crystals from the joints.
What causes gout?
When uric acid builds up, either because the kidneys don’t excrete it as they should or because of excessive consumption of purine-rich foods. Uric acid can form needle-shaped crystals that lodge in the joints, causing severe pain and sudden swelling.
Gout attacks usually peak after 12 to 24 hours. Then slowly disappear on their own, whether treated or not. You may only have one gout attack in your life or you may have them repeatedly. In both cases, gout attacks must be treated, otherwise they can affect other joints. As they can last even longer and will be accompanied by pain that becomes more and more unbearable. Some people eventually develop tophi, large masses of uric acid crystals that form in the soft tissues or bones around the joints and can look like hard bumps.
The gout attack: Like any infection that revolves around food.
Foods and drinks to avoid:
To temper gout flare-ups, it is best to avoid certain foods and beverages that are known to be high in purines. These include in particular:
- Offal and game meat : Organ meats like kidneys and liver and game meats like venison and wild birds are extremely high in purines.
- Seafood and fish : Crab, shrimp and other shellfish can cause gout flare-ups. But some fish like trout, anchovies, and mackerel can also raise uric acid levels. However, fatty fish like salmon have excellent health benefits and are lower in purines than other fish. So it is good to eat it in moderation.
- The alcohol : Alcohol tends to raise uric acid levels, and some types of alcohol (especially beer) are worse than others. High alcohol consumption can similarly make it harder for your kidneys to filter uric acid. Not only does uric acid increase in your body, but it also makes it harder for the body to get rid of it. It is best to avoid beer, wine and liquors.
- sugary drinks : Uric acid levels tend to be higher in people who regularly drink sugary drinks.
What foods and drinks should I consume if I have gout?
Following a healthy and balanced diet is the best way to beat gout. Low-purine foods that can help reduce uric acid in the body include fruits (especially those high in vitamin C), vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, and produce. low-fat dairy.
Research shows that consuming low-fat dairy products can lower uric acid in the blood. It can also decrease inflammation caused by uric acid crystals.
Although you can go it alone when it comes to your diet. It can sometimes be useful to follow a specific food program.
The best eating plan would include a diet that helps achieve — and maintain — weight loss. Such as the DASH diet or the Mediterranean diet. Both of these diets emphasize low red meat consumption, plant-based protein, and lower saturated fats.
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