As of February 1, 2022, owners of electric vehicles other than Tesla can recharge their vehicles in certain Superchargers in France, from the Tesla application. For the moment, only 16 sites are concerned. But who can access it, how, and how much does it cost?
If you have a 100% electric vehicle other than a Tesla, you can finally access (part of) the Supercharger network of Elon Musk’s group to recharge your vehicle in France, but also in Germany, Belgium, the – Netherlands and Norway.
The drivers of vehicles of other brands can find eligible locations directly from the Tesla app (in its version 4.2.3 minimum) and either pay a subscription or pay with a slightly higher bill to the terminal as the drivers of a Tesla. For now, only 16 Tesla charging stations are eligible, with more to be added later. But who can access it, how and at what price?
To read: Changing the battery of your Tesla costs a fortune!
Is my car compatible with a Tesla Supercharger?
To charge your electric car at a Tesla terminal, your vehicle must either have a Type 2 connector, that is of one CSS Combo Type connector. In Europe, all Tesla V2 Superchargers are equipped with twin wire terminals for support Type 2 DC charging ports (IEC 62196 standard) as well as the CCS Combo 2since November 2018.
Thus, and overall, nearly all 100% electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles are compatible with Tesla charging stations. Whether Audi (e-tron), from Mercedes (EQ, A 250 e, B 250 e), BMW (i3), Hyundai (Kona, Ioniq), Jaguar (I-PACE, F-PACE), KIA (e-Niro), Renault (Zoe), Peugeot (e-208, e-2008, e-Rifter), Porsche (Taycan) or Volkswagen (e-Up!), it is difficult to be exhaustive as there are so many examples of models. If you have any doubts, do not hesitate to ask your dealer, your manufacturer or Tesla directly.
Today, almost all new electric cars launched on the European market integrate the Combo connector CSS, when they offer direct current charging. At Tesla, it has even become the standard on Model 3s sold in Europe. On the other hand, American Teslas (which are equipped with the proprietary Tesla connector) imported into Europe cannot be charged in Europe.
Be careful, however, some vehicles – especially Japanese – equipped with a CHAdeMO port, such as Mitusbishi and the Outlander PHEV, Lexus and the electric version of the UX, Nissan with the Leaf and the e-NV200… are not compatible.
The different types of connectors for electric vehicles
Electric car connectors have evolved a lot over time. We recognize three main ones, the Type 3 connector being now obsolete. Here they are.
- The Type 1 connector, trickle charge, is one of the oldest. It is used to connect to an alternating current source and therefore, to connect to the house or to low power public chargers. The limit is 32 amps single phase, with a power output of 7 kW (7 kW in one hour). The Renault Kangoo ZE, the Peugeot Ion and the Nissan Leaf 1 and 2 are equipped with it.
- The Type 2 connector, with slow and fast charging, offers direct current charging up to 50 kW (120 kW at Tesla) and alternating current up to 63 amps and 43 kW in three-phase. It is now the most common connector, along with the CCS Combo. The Renault Zoe 1 and 2, the Tesla Model S, X and 3, the Hyundai Ioniq and Kona Electric, the Kia e-Niro, the Audi e-tron, BMW i3 or Mercedes EQC are equipped with it.
- The CSS Combo Type Connector (also called Combo, or sometimes Type 2 Combo CSS), fast loading. It has been the standard connector in Europe since 2014. An extension of the Type 2 connector, it offers flow rates greater than 250 kW.
Finally, be aware that among the competing standards, we can cite the CHAdeMO (Japanese), the Tesla Supercharger (American) and the new next-gen super fast charging standard ChaoJi (Chinese).
What is Combo CCS?
If you have an electric vehicle, you must have heard of the Combo plug, which is likely to be talked about for years to come. European standard for the electric vehicle charging network (source), CCS Combo is the abbreviation of Combined Charging System Where combined charging system.
The Combo is neither more nor less than a battery electric vehicle charging technology standardized, the result of the cooperation of 7 car manufacturers, including Audi, BMW, Daimler, Porsche and Volkswagen, as well as Ford and General Motors. Among the best-known networks equipped with this standard, we can cite, for example, Corri-Door or Ionity.
The combo plug lives up to its namebecause it actually presents two sockets. The one above is a round Type 2 AC connector. The other, below, is distinguished by two larger circles. It’s there for DC fast charging. Several technical choices have been made in their design, especially for the sake of compatibility and simplificationso that the Combo CCS can recharge either on an alternating current or direct current terminal with a single and same base.
There are two versions of this standard:
- SCC 1.0 : 80 kW max (400 Volts, 200 Amps)
- CCS 2.0 : 350 kW max (200 to 1000 Volts, 500 Amps) + Implementation of the “Plug and Charge” protocol allowing the identification of the vehicle by the terminal to pay for the recharge.
The CCS version 3.0, still being defined, will ensure backward compatibility with previous versions while adding new features. Examples are reverse power transfer, inductive charging or wireless communication during charging.
Where can I charge my electric car on a Tesla Supercharger?
For the moment, we count 16 Superchargers open to other brands electric vehicles in France. Here is the official map, provided by Tesla.
Here is the full list of every Supercharger currently accepting non-Tesla vehicles. Click on it to access its location and information.
Charging a non-Tesla electric vehicle on a Supercharger, how much does it cost?
You’re here charges the load per kWh with a variable price from one station to another. It is not possible to pay at the Tesla terminal, you must must go through the Tesla application. Download it from the App Store for iPhone or the Google Play Store for Android. In some areas, the service is billed by the minute, with two possible tariffs (Tariff 1 applies when vehicles charge up to 60 kW, and Tariff 2 above 60 kW, but costs twice as much ).
If you do not have a Tesla-branded electric vehicle, you will need:
- Either pay a subscription of €12.99 per monthwithout obligation, directly from the Tesla application which will allow you to benefit from the same rates as Tesla drivers at the terminal.
- Either pay higher prices to the Superchargeron average around 30 to 50% more expensive.
It’s up to you to calculate whether the purchase of the subscription is profitable or not, depending on the kilometers you do, the prices observed at the Tesla terminal, etc.
To read: Used Tesla: which model to choose? what should I check before buying?
How do I charge my electric car at a Supercharger if I’m not driving a Tesla?
If you have an electric car that isn’t a Tesla, here’s how to charge it at a Supercharger station.
- Download the Tesla app (version 4.2.3 or later) for iOS or Android, create a Tesla Account.
- Select Charge a non-Tesla vehicle and search for the desired Supercharger station.
- Add your payment method, plug in your vehicle, select a terminal and press Start charging.
- Select Stop charging to end your session.
You can find some additional information about this pilot program on the Tesla website.